Synthesis and Characteristics of Carbon Nanotube Using Plasma Arc Discharge


  • Suhana Mohamed Sultan Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
  • Nurul Syazwani Azahurin Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
  • Azam Mohamad Universiti Teknologi Malaysia



Arc Discharge, Carbon Nanoparticle, Current density, hydrocarbon precursor,


Carbon nanoparticles (CNP) were synthesized in arc plasma discharge using a simple, low-cost and toxic-free precursor gas. The structural and electrical characteristics were examined. The diameter and the height of the grown CNP was 28.5 μm and  316.7 μm , respectively. SEM image showed existence of a high density and uniform nanostructures within the cylindrical bulk CNP tube. The average diameter of the nanoparticles is 600 nm. The electrical characteristics revealed  low resistance with R = 7.23 mΩ with Cu electrodes.  In addition, the device exhibited a   high conductivity of 6.8 x 105 Scm-1. These results indicate the potential of CNP material for power device applications.

Author Biography

Suhana Mohamed Sultan, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

Senior Lecturer in the Department of Electronics and Computer Engineering


E. B. Bahadir and M. K. Sezgintürk, “Applications of graphene in electrochemical sensing and biosensing,†TrAC - Trends in Analytical Chemistry. vol.76, pp. 1-14, 2016.

R. P. Raffaelle, B. J. Landi, J. D. Harris, S. G. Bailey, and A. F. Hepp, “Carbon nanotubes for power applications,†Mater. Sci. Eng. B, vol.116, pp. 233-243,2005.

H. Kasani, M. Taghi Ahmadi, R. Khoda-Bakhsh, D. Rezaeiochbelagh, and R. Ismail, “Influences of Sr-90 beta-ray irradiation on electrical characteristics of carbon nanoparticles,†J. Appl. Phys., vol.119, pp. 124510, 2016.

C. Subramaniam et al., “One hundred fold increase in current carrying capacity in a carbon nanotube-copper composite,†Nat. Commun., vol.4, pp.1-7, 2013.

N. Arora and N. N. Sharma, “Arc discharge synthesis of carbon nanotubes: Comprehensive review,†Diamond and Related Materials. vol.50, pp. 135-150.2014.

C. Hoecker, F. Smail, M. Bajada, M. Pick, and A. Boies, “Catalyst nanoparticle growth dynamics and their influence on product morphology in a CVD process for continuous carbon nanotube synthesis,†Carbon N. Y., vol.96, pp. 116-124, 2016.

M. Kim, S. Osone, T. Kim, H. Higashi, and T. Seto, “Synthesis of nanoparticles by laser ablation: A review,†KONA Powder and Particle Journal, vol.34, pp.80-90,2017.

S. Iijima, “Helical microtubules of graphitic carbon,†Nature, vol. 354, pp. 56-58, 1991.

L. Wei, T. S. Zhao, G. Zhao, L. An, and L. Zeng, “A high-performance carbon nanoparticle-decorated graphite felt electrode for vanadium redox flow batteries,†Appl. Energy, vol.176, pp. 74-79, 2016.

R. S. Lee, H. J. Kim, J. E. Fischer, A. Thess, and R. E. Smalley, “Conductivity enhancement in single-walled carbon nanotube bundles doped with K and Br,†Nature, vol.388, pp. 255-257, 1997.

N. Behabtu et al., “Strong, light, multifunctional fibers of carbon nanotubes with ultrahigh conductivity,†Science , vol.339, pp. 182-186, 2013.




How to Cite

Mohamed Sultan, S., Azahurin, N. S., & Mohamad, A. (2018). Synthesis and Characteristics of Carbon Nanotube Using Plasma Arc Discharge. ELEKTRIKA- Journal of Electrical Engineering, 17(3), 20–22.