Design and analysis of flexible bow-tie antenna for medical application


  • N. Othman
  • N. A. Samsuri Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
  • M. K. A. Rahim
  • K. Kamardin



This research presents an extensive investigation and analysis of bow-tie antenna performance made of three different flexible materials as the substrates. The antenna performance is address in terms of S11 and radiation pattern. The flexible antenna performance is simulated in free space condition and compared to the antenna performance in on-body environment. The aim of this research is to choose suitable flexible dielectric substrate which sustains its performance under on-body environment. The results of this research could provide guidance and has significant implication for future development of wearable electronics especially in medical monitoring application.

Author Biography

M. K. A. Rahim

Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia


S. Zhang, A. Paraskevopoulos, C. Luxey, J. Pinto, and W. Whittow, “Broad-band embroidered spiral antenna for off-body communications,†2016.

Y. Li, R. Torah, S. Beeby, J. Tudor, Y. Li, R. Torah, S. Beeby, and J. Tudor, “Inkjet printed flexible antenna on textile for wearable applications Inkjet printed flexible antenna on textile for wearable applications.â€

A. Arriola, J. I. Sancho, S. Brebels, M. Gonzalez, and W. De Raedt, “Stretchable dipole antenna for body area networks at 2.45 GHz,†IET Microw. Antennas Propag, vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 852–859, 2011.

K. Kamardin, M. K. A. Rahim, P. S. Hall, and N. A. Samsuri, “Vertical and horizontal transmission enhancement between antennas using textile artificial magnetic conductor waveguide sheet,†Electron. Lett., vol. 51, pp. 671–673, 2015.

B. Hu, G. P. Gao, L. Le He, X. D. Cong, and J. N. Zhao, “Bending and On-Arm Effects on a Wearable Antenna for 2.45 GHz Body Area Network,†IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett., vol. 15, pp. 378–381, 2016.

K. Kamardin, M. K. A. Rahim, P. S. Hall, N. A. Samsuri, T. A. Latef, and M. H. Ullah, “Planar textile antennas with artificial magnetic conductor for body-centric communications,†Appl. Phys. A Mater. Sci. Process., 2016.

G. A. Casula, A. Michel, P. Nepa, G. Montisci, and G. Mazzarella, “Robustness of Wearable UHF-Band PIFAs to Human-Body Proximity,†IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., 2016.

M. Grimm and D. Manteuffel, “On-Body Antenna Parameters,†IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., 2015.

S. Agneessens, S. Member, S. Lemey, T. Vervust, H. Rogier, and S. Member, “Wearable , Small , and Robust : The Circular Quarter-Mode Textile Antenna,†vol. 14, pp. 1482–1485, 2015.

M. Virili, H. Rogier, F. Alimenti, P. Mezzanotte, and L. Roselli, “Wearable Textile Antenna Magnetically Coupled to Flexible Active Electronic Circuits,†IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett., vol. 13, pp. 209–212, 2014.

M. a R. Osman, M. K. a Rahim, N. a Samsuri, H. a M. Salim, and M. F. Ali, “Embroidered Fully Textile Wearable Antenna for Medical Monitoring Applications,†Prog. Electromagn. Res., vol. 117, no. May, pp. 321–337, 2011.

K. Kamardin, M. K. A. Rahim, N. A. Samsuri, M. E. Jalil, and H. A. Majid, “Transmission enhancement using textile artificial magnetic conductor with coplanar waveguide monopole antenna,†Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett., 2015.

K. Kamardin, M. K. A. Rahim, P. S. Hall, and N. A. Samsuri, “Vertical and horizontal transmission enhancement between antennas using textile artificial magnetic conductor waveguide sheet,†vol. 51, no. 9, pp. 8–9, 2015.

A. Rida, L. Yang, R. Vyas, and M. M. Tentzeris, “Conductive inkjet-printed antennas on flexible low-cost paper-based substrates for RFID and WSN applications,†IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag., vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 13–23, 2009.

H. R. Khaleel, “Design and Fabrication of Compact Inkjet Printed Antennas for Integration Within Flexible and Wearable Electronics,†IEEE Trans. Components, Packag. Manuf. Technol., vol. 4, no. 10, pp. 1722–1728, 2014.

H. Bahramiabarghouei, S. Member, E. Porter, S. Member, A. Santorelli, S. Member, B. Gosselin, M. Popovi, and L. A. Rusch, “Flexible 16 Antenna Array for Microwave Breast Cancer Detection,†vol. 62, no. 10, pp. 2516–2525, 2015.

G. J. Hayes, J.-H. So, A. Qusba, M. D. Dickey, and G. Lazzi, “Flexible Liquid Metal Alloy (EGaIn) Microstrip Patch Antenna,†TAP_IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 60, no. 5, pp. 2151–2156, 2012.

S. Hage-Ali, N. Tiercelin, P. Coquet, R. Sauleau, H. Fujita, V. Preobrazhensky, and P. Pernod, “A millimeter-wave microstrip antenna array on ultra-flexible micromachined polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) polymer,†IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett., vol. 8, no. c, pp. 1306–1309, 2009.

T. Rai, P. Dantes, B. Bahreyni, and W. S. Kim, “A stretchable RF antenna with silver nanowires,†IEEE Electron Device Lett., vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 544–546, 2013.

M. Kubo, X. Li, C. Kim, M. Hashimoto, B. J. Wiley, D. Ham, and G. M. Whitesides, “Stretchable microfluidic electric circuit applied for radio frequency antenna,†Proc. - Electron. Components Technol. Conf., pp. 1582–1587, 2011.

R. M. Rius, G. Talavera, and J. Carrabina, “Developing and study of wearable and flexible antennas for Body Area Networks working under extreme conditions,†2012 15th Int. Symp. Antenna Technol. Appl. Electromagn. ANTEM 2012, pp. 1–5, 2012.

C. Cibin, P. Leuchtmann, M. Gimersky, R. Vahldieck, and S. Moscibroda, “A flexible wearable antenna,†IEEE Antennas Propag. Soc. Symp. 2004., vol. 4, pp. 3589–3592, 2004.

W. S. Kaswiati and J. Suryana, “Design and realization of planar bow-tie dipole array antenna with dual-polarization at 2.4 GHz frequency for Wi-Fi access point application,†in 2012 7th International Conference on Telecommunication Systems, Services, and Applications, TSSA 2012, 2012.




How to Cite

Othman, N., Samsuri, N. A., A. Rahim, M. K., & Kamardin, K. (2017). Design and analysis of flexible bow-tie antenna for medical application. ELEKTRIKA- Journal of Electrical Engineering, 16(1), 17–21.