Simulating and Building an Appliance Clustering Fuzzified SVC for Single Phase System
Keywords:Fuzzification, SVC, TCR, TRIAC, Power factor, Reactive Power, Power loss, Harmonic
AbstractA power system suffers from losses that can cause tragic consequences. Reactive power presence in the power system increases system losses delivered power quality and distorted the voltage. As a result, many studies are concerned with reactive power compensation. The necessity of balancing resistive power generation and absorption throughout a power system gave birth to many devices used for reactive power compensation. Static Var Compensators are hunt devices used for the generation or absorption of reactive power as desired. SVCs provide fast and smooth compensation and power factor correction. In this paper, a Fuzzified Static Var Compensator consists of Thyristor Controlled Reactor (TCR) branch and Thyristor Switched Capacitors branches for reactive power compensation and power factor correction at the load side is presented. The system is simulated using Simulink using a group of blocks and equations for measuring power factor, determining the weightage by which the power factor is improved, determining the firing angle of TCR branch, and capacitor configuration of TSC branches. Furthermore, a hardware prototype is designed and implemented with its associated software; it includes a smart meter build-up for power monitoring, which displays voltage, current, real power, reactive power and power factor and SVC branches with TRIAC as the power switching device. Lastly, static and dynamic loads are used to test the system's capability in providing fast response and compensation. The simulation results illustrated the proposed system's capability and responsiveness in compensating the reactive power and correcting the power factor. It also highlighted the proportional relation between reactive power presence and the increased cost in electricity bills. The proposed smart meter and SVC prototypes proved their capabilities in giving accurate measurement and monitoring and sending the data to the graphical user interface through ZigBee communication and power factor correction. Reactive power presence is an undesired event that affects the equipment and connected consumers of a power system. Therefore, fast and smooth compensation for reactive power became a matter of concern to utility companies, power consumers and manufacturers. Therefore, the use of compensating devices is of much importance as they can increase power capacity, regulate the voltage and improve the power system performance.
Geetha and Dr. K. Jamuna, â€œSmart Metering Systemâ€, SA Engineering College, Chennai India.
Yasin Kablaci and Ersan Kablaci, â€œA Low Cost Smart Metering System Design for Smart Grid Applicationâ€, presented at the 8th Int. Conf. Electronics, Computers and Artificial Intelligence, Ploiesti, Romania, 2016.
Prity Bisen and Amit Shrivastave, â€œComparison between SVC and STATCOM FACTS Devices for Power System Stability Enhancementâ€, International Journal on Emerging Technologies 4(20): 101- 109(2013).
Jayant. P. Pawar, Amirthaganesh. S, ArunKumar. S and Satiesh Kumar. B, â€œReal Time Energy Measurement using Smart Meterâ€, presented at Online Int. Conf. Green Engineering and Technologies(IC-GET), 2016.
Shang-Wen Luan, Jen-Hao Teng, Shun-Yu Chan and Lian-Chyr Hwang, â€œDevelopment of a Smart Meter for AMI based on ZigBee Communicationâ€, PEDS, 2009.
Mustafa Burunkaya and Tufan Pars, â€œA Smart Meter Design and Implementation Using ZigBee Based Wireless Sensor Network in Smart Gridâ€, presented on 4th Int. Conf. Electrical and Electronics Engineering, 2017.
Khusvinder Gill, Shuang-Hua Yang, Fang Yao and Xin Lu, â€œA ZigBee-Based Home Automation Systemâ€, IEEE Trans. Consumer Electroncis, Vol 55, NO 2, MAY 2009.
Hienz K. Tyll, SM, IEEE and Dr. Frank Schetter1, â€œHistorical overview on dynamic reactive power compensation solutions from the begin of AC power transmission towards present applicationsâ€, presented at IEEE/PES Systems Conference and Exposition. 2009.
Mohamed Ali Khan, K.V.Satya Bharath, Sachin Mishra and Amit Kumar Singh, â€œIntelligent Cintrol of Fixed Capacitor-Thyristor Controlled Reacter for Power Quality Improvementâ€, 978-15090-4530-3/16. IEEE. 2016
Alisha Banga and S.S. Kaushik, â€œModelling and Simulation of SVC Controller for Enhancement of Power System Stabilityâ€, presented at International Journal. Advances in Engineering & Technology. 2011.
Ali Kose and Edral Irmak, â€œModelling and Simulation of a Static VAR Compensator based on FC-TCRâ€, presented at Int. Conf. Renewable Energy Research and Application. Birmingham. UK. 2016.
Yuval Beck, Yefim Berlovich and Arie Braunstein, â€œA Matlab-Simulink Model of AC Grid with a FC- TCR and Invariant Control System for Reactive Power Compensationâ€, presented at International symposium on Power Electronics, Electrical Drives, Automation and Motion. 2016.
Swapnil Sharma and Dikesh Patel, â€œModelling and Simulation of FC-TCR for Reactive Power Compensation using Matlab/Simulinkâ€, presented at International Journal. Advances in Engineering & Technology, January, 2015.
A. W. Abdul Ali, F. Asmida and A. R. Nasri Hayima, " A Review on The AC Servo Motor Control Systems", ELEKTRIKA- Journal of Electrical Engineering, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 22-39, 2020.
A. W. Abdul Ali and A. Alquhali, "Improved Internal Model Control Technique for Position Control of AC Servo Motors", ELEKTRIKA- Journal of Electrical Engineering, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 33-40, 2020.
Mohammad Hasanuzzaman Shawon, Zbigniew Hanzelka and Aleksander Dziadecki, â€œVoltage- Current and Harmonic Characteristic Analysis of Different FC-TCR Based SVCâ€ presented at Int. Conf. PowerTech. Eindhoven, Netherlands. July, 2015.
Dang Van Huyen, Phan Than Nien and Nguyen Duy Cuong, â€œDesign of Dynamic-Static Var Compensation based on Microcontroller for Improving Power Factorâ€, presented at Int. Conf. System Science and Engineering (ICSSE). 2017.
Taufik and Bryan Paet, â€œA Small Scale Static VAR Compensator for Laboratory Experimentâ€, presented at Int. Conf. Power and Energy. Johor Baharu, Malaysia. December, 2008.
Sccott Zemerick, Powsiri Klinkhachorn and Ali Feliachi, â€œDesign of a Mircroprocessor-Controlled Personal Static Var Compensator (PSVC)â€, presented at Int. Conf. Power Engineering Society Summer Meeting. Chicago, IL, USA, USA. September, 2002.
S. Khanmohammadi, M. Tarafdar Hagh and M. Abapour, â€œFuzzy Logic Based SVC for Reactive Power Compensation and Power Factor Correctionâ€, presented at Int. Conf. Power Engineering. Singapore, Singapore. December. 2007.
Mr. Manan Y. Pathak and Dr. J. G. Jamnani, â€œDesign and Hardware Implementation of SVC using Thyristorised Control for Improving Power Factor and Voltage Profile of Inductive Loadsâ€, presented at Int. Conf. Power Systems (ICPS). New Delhi, India. March. 2016.
E. Acha, V. G. Agelidis, O. Anya-Lara and T.J.E Miller, â€œPower Electronics Control in Electrical Systemsâ€, 1st ed. Newnes Power Engineering Series, 2000, pp. 152-372.
T. Vijayakumar and A. Nirmalkumar, â€œHarmonics Analysis of Thyristor Controlled Reactor circuitsâ€, presented at Int. Journal. Computer and Electrical Engineering, Vol. 2, No. 1, February, 2010.
Copyright of articles that appear in Elektrika belongs exclusively to Penerbit Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (Penerbit UTM Press). This copyright covers the rights to reproduce the article, including reprints, electronic reproductions, or any other reproductions of similar nature.