Hybrid Extendable Linear Actuators: Design and Applications


  • Mohamed Tahir Shoani Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Eng., Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Parit Raja, Johor Bahru, 86400, Malaysia
  • Mohamed Najib Ribuan Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Eng., Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Parit Raja, Johor Bahru, 86400, Malaysia
  • Ahmad Athif Faudzi School of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Skudai, Johor, Malaysia.




Hybrid, Extendable, Linear, Stroke, Actuator


There are many types of different actuators in the field of robotics. For applications where a linear displacement is required, a linear extendable actuator would be the method of choice. The hybrid class of extendable actuators possesses unique features making it suitable for many applications where the soft and rigid types fall short. However, there has not been a clear designation and classification of extendable linear hybrid actuators in the literature. This paper addresses this matter and provides the first overview of the hybrid class of extendable actuators. The paper performs a categorization and characterization of this class of extendable linear actuators based on their method of operation as well as the inherent unique features separating them from the rest. The paper contains five sections, and three sub-sections pertaining to the different categories of Hybrid actuators, and their applications. New research in this field continues to add features to this class of actuators through improvements and added capabilities.


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How to Cite

Shoani, M. T., Ribuan, M. N., & Faudzi, A. A. (2019). Hybrid Extendable Linear Actuators: Design and Applications. ELEKTRIKA- Journal of Electrical Engineering, 18(3-2), 13–16. https://doi.org/10.11113/elektrika.v18n3-2.190